The UK has re-taken it seat at the table of the international organisation following Brexit.
In the historic speech the International Trade Secretary hit out at industrial subsidies and state-owned enterprises.
Ms Truss vowed Britain will lead a global crackdown on unfair trade practices and protectionism.
Announcing that “Britain is back”, the cabinet minister used the address to position the UK as a world leader in setting standards in areas such as services and digital, and ensuring the WTO takes advantage of the digital revolution powering the global economy.
She told WTO members the UK wants to “turn the rise in protectionist measures around”, adding: “The more we allow people to shape their own lives, remove barriers to enterprise within and between nations, and allow human ingenuity to flourish, the more rewards we will all reap.
“So, we will work with all nations that share this multilateral vision, to lead the defence of free, fair, rules-based international trade, pioneering a route to prosperity that lies through working together, not protectionism.”
The comments, made at the WTO general council meeting in Geneva, are likely to be seen as a rebuke of US President Donald Trump, who has imposed sweeping tariffs on competitor products entering the American market, sparking trade wars across the globe.
She added: “After almost 50 years of EU membership, Britain is back as a fully independent WTO member.
“Our vision is of a newly independent UK, championing the cause of free, fair, rules-based trade.
“I am proud of the UK’s record in pioneering, firstly, the liberalisation of agricultural tariffs with the abolition of the Corn Laws, and secondly, industrial tariffs with the GATT.
“A UK that explores the new frontiers of the 21st century global economy, pushing for that same liberalisation in trade in services and data, helping to turn around recent protectionist trends and to help deliver the benefits of the global digital revolution for all members, large or small.
“To push for a WTO that not only retains its role as the repository of the rules that govern our global economy, but one that does so while continuing to enjoy the confidence of all Members.”
Previously represented at the Geneva-based trade body by the European Union, Britain became a member in its own right with its departure from the bloc at the end of January.
It comes as Britain began talks on a trade deal with the EU on Monday and is set to kick off negotiations on a deal with the US later this month.
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