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The Black Death is perhaps the most famous disease in the world, due to its repeated torment of the global population during the middle ages. However, the disease has recently made rounds in the far east, causing China and Mongolia to raise the alarm. Further traces of the virus have also cropped up in the US, with sick animals testing positive.
Is the Black Death back in 2020?
The Black Death, otherwise known as the bubonic plague, is back, according to recent reports.
China has reported a new resurgence in the virus, which has now killed a 15-year-old boy in Mongolia, according to the National Centre for Zoonotic Diseases (NCZD).
The teenager from the western province of Govi-Altai allegedly contracted the disease by eating raw marmot meat.
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Authorities have locked down each of the five districts in the region, which borders China.
Two other people tested positive for the disease in the neighbouring province of Khovd, and a squirrel recently tested positive in the US state of Colorado.
While the latest news paints a grave picture as the world struggles to contain COVID-19, the Black Death hasn’t returned.
After its several global tours, the disease went on to form deadly pockets of endemic infection.
Nations such as China and Mongolia, some African countries and American states still find hundreds of cases per year.
What are the symptoms of the Black Death?
The Black Death makes its home in fleas and ticks, which transmit it to both animals and humans.
To infect people, the bacteria must penetrate the skin and travel to the lymph nodes, and it can pass in bodily fluids in some cases.
Infection from the bacteria causes a range of nasty symptoms, and the Black Death has a 50 to 70 percent fatality rate.
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The symptoms of the bubonic plague are as follows:
- Sudden onset of fever
- One or more swollen, tender and painful lymph nodes (called buboes)
Bacteria from the flea bite passes throughout the body, which is often fatal if left untreated.
Thankfully, however, people who contract the disease have treatment available.
Antibiotics have proved effective in fighting the Black Death, most of which are easily available.
People can get the treatment if they fall ill or following contact with someone known to have contracted the plague.
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